Definition of cinchona in English:

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cinchona

Pronunciation: /siNGˈkōnə/

noun

1An evergreen South American tree or shrub of the bedstraw family, with fragrant flowers and cultivated for its bark.
  • Genus Cinchona, family Rubiaceae: several species.
Example sentences
  • Malaria victims were treated with quinine, an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree.
  • In 1735, Joseph de Jussieu, a French botanist, collected detailed information about the cinchona trees.
  • And for those unfamiliar with the Peruvian national emblem, it depicts a vicuna, a horn of plenty and a cinchona tree.
1.1 (also cinchona bark) The dried bark of the cinchona tree, which is a source of quinine and other medicinal alkaloids.
Example sentences
  • Hahnemann carried out tests on himself with extracts of cinchona bark, which contains quinine, and found it caused fever.
  • Homeopathy was developed in the 18th century by Dr Samuel Hahnemann after he discovered that small amounts of cinchona bark, the treatment for malaria, caused malaria-like fevers when he took it while healthy.
  • Quinine is derived from cinchona bark, and mixed with lime.

Origin

Mid 18th century: modern Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was treated with a similar drug in South America.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: cin·cho·na

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