Share this entry

Share this page

cingulum

Syllabification: cin·gu·lum
Pronunciation: /ˈsiNGɡyələm
 
/

Definition of cingulum in English:

noun (plural cingula /-lə/)

Anatomy
1A curved bundle of nerve fibers in each hemisphere of the brain.
Example sentences
  • A large proportion of fibers in the cingulum traverse only relatively short segments of this rather compact bundle.
  • Between the cingulum and the periphery of the specimen, note the mingling of short and long association fibers with projection and commissural fibers.
2A ridge of enamel on the base or margin of the crown of a tooth.
Example sentences
  • Two enamel ridges cross the anterior cingulum.
  • The crown is constricted at the base, and a large cingulum is present.
  • The teeth are transversely compressed and a cingulum is absent.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Latin, 'belt', from cingere 'gird'.

Derivatives

cingulate

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • The scans showed that a part of the brain called the anterior cingulate cortex became more active.
  • The regions associated with emotion, such as the insular cortex and parts of the anterior cingulate cortex, are not activated until the more mature phases of a relationship.
  • Interestingly, the anterior cingulate cortex doesn't distinguish between psychic and bodily injury.

Definition of cingulum in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day terpsichorean
Pronunciation: ˌtərpsikəˈrēən
adjective
of or relating to dancing