(abbreviation: cir. or circ.)
- 1Movement to and fro or around something, especially that of fluid in a closed system: an extra pump for good water circulationMore example sentences
- If any aspect of city life offers an opportunity for ‘reading the city’, it is the systems of movement and circulation which constitute urban transport.
- What could have caused deep waters to form in the low latitudes and so markedly disrupt the usual system of deep water circulation?
- Under the newly funded project, scientists have designed a system for monitoring coastal circulation and movement of distinct water types.
- 1.1The continuous motion by which the blood travels through all parts of the body under the action of the heart.More example sentences
- Fluid and proteins leak out of the blood vessels during blood circulation in the body.
- Physically, it is thought to improve circulation and stimulate red blood cells.
- This improves circulation, relieves pain, and relaxes tension in the muscles.
- 2The public availability or knowledge of something: his music has achieved wide circulationMore example sentences
- Academic science depends on the public circulation of knowledge and research.
- The province is halting the production of any new books-on-tape for public circulation, while existing material is still available libraries.
- I believe he has undermined the participatory principle of democracy in calling for the draft gender policy to be withdrawn from public circulation.
- 2.1The movement, exchange, or availability of money in a country: the new coins go into circulation todayMore example sentences
- That's just a small amount of extra money that came into circulation.
- This money would re-enter into circulation as financial institutions invest it in other capitalistic ventures.
- The gang plotted to put drugs money into normal circulation through betting.
- 2.2 [in singular] The number of copies sold of a newspaper or magazine: the magazine had a large circulationMore example sentences
- Newspaper circulations everywhere have been falling for decades.
- But now the three newspapers with the highest circulations in the country are USA Today, The New York Times, and The Wall Street Journal, all publications that are distributed nationally.
- Magazine circulations are either static, growing for some newer titles, or slowly sliding.
in (or out of) circulation
- Available (or unavailable) to the public; in (or not in) general use: there is a huge volume of video material in circulationMore example sentences
- In normal circumstances, the amount of money in circulation should have gone up by about £400m since this time last year.
- Tickets are now in circulation and are available from any committee member.
- The scheme has taken more money out of circulation than I expected.
- Used of a person who is seen (or not seen) in public: Anne had made a good recovery and was back in circulationMore example sentences
- The convicted smuggler reveals this was one of a number of ‘sting’ operations arranged with the authorities, some of which conveniently took rival gangsters out of circulation.
- The councillor said the drop in crime figures was down to the fact that some people had been taken out of circulation for the past six months.
- Habitual teenage criminals are sent straight back home to continue terrorising their districts rather than being taken out of circulation.
late Middle English (denoting continuous distillation of a liquid): from Latin circulatio(n-), from the verb circulare (see circulate).