Definition of citation in English:

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Pronunciation: /sīˈtāSH(ə)n/
(abbreviation cit.)


1A quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work: there were dozens of citations from the works of Byron recognition through citation is one of the principal rewards in science
More example sentences
  • Not that the book lacks citations, references and footnotes.
  • The endnotes are primarily scholarly citations of sources, while the footnotes amplify, explain, or illuminate details or side stories.
  • In 1905, he published five landmark papers without footnotes or citations.
quotation, quote, extract, excerpt, passage, line;
reference, allusion
1.1A mention of a praiseworthy act or achievement in an official report, especially that of a member of the armed forces in wartime.
Example sentences
  • Those records include the official after-action report, citations for Bronze Stars awarded for heroism that day and now the Task Force 115 report.
  • He has received many citations and official commendations and published two volumes of collected poems he wrote.
  • The citation praises in particular the penthouse flat which it describes as a tour de force.
commendation, mention, honorable mention
1.2A note accompanying an award, describing the reasons for it: the Nobel citation noted that his discovery would be useful for energy conversion technology
More example sentences
  • The remainder of the story is best told in the citation accompanying the award of his Air Force Cross.
  • The citation accompanying the award said he was tasked with the disposal of two sea mines.
  • He read the citation accompanying the award and added his own praise.
1.3 Law A reference to a former tried case, used as guidance in the trying of comparable cases or in support of an argument.
Example sentences
  • Each patent abstract provides a list of citations to previous patents, that is, the ‘prior art’ upon which the current patent builds.
  • The notice shall state concisely the section which is said to be unconstitutional or ultra vires, a brief statement of the argument to be made, and the citation of any cases which are relied upon for support of the argument.
  • If foreign decisions were freely citable, it would mean that any judge wanting a supporting citation had only to troll deeply enough in the world's corpus juris to find it.
2North American A summons: a traffic citation
More example sentences
  • A citation requires a court appearance with the punishment and fine being determined by the judge upon conviction.
  • Indeed, he was told he would face a contempt of court citation if he disclosed either his complaint or the censure.
  • The police prosecutor has used it in court to look up the driving history of people who were appealing traffic citations.
summons, ticket, subpoena, writ, court order


Middle English (sense 2): from Old French, from Latin citation-, from citare 'cite'.

Words that rhyme with citation

ablation, aeration, agnation, Alsatian, Amerasian, Asian, aviation, cetacean, conation, creation, Croatian, counterdemonstration, counterproliferation, crustacean, curation, Dalmatian, delation, dilation, donation, duration, elation, fixation, Galatian, geolocation, glocalization, gyration, Haitian, halation, Horatian, ideation, illation, lavation, legation, libation, location, lunation, mutation, natation, nation, negation, notation, nutation, oblation, oration, ovation, potation, relation, rogation, rotation, Sarmatian, sedation, Serbo-Croatian, station, staycation, taxation, Thracian, vacation, vexation, vocation, zonation

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ci·ta·tion

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