Definition of citole in English:

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Pronunciation: /sɪˈtəʊl/

Entry from British & World English dictionary


A lute-like medieval stringed instrument, forerunner of the cittern.
Example sentences
  • The proliferation of bagpipes suggests that drone accompaniment was popular, as does the depiction of fiddle and citole players plucking their lowest string with the left thumb while using a bow or plectrum in the other hand.
  • There is definite documentary evidence that both the citole and the gittern were normally strung in gut.
  • The citole is the medieval guitar, known only from pictures in manuscripts and statues on churches.


Late Middle English: from Old French, based on Latin cithara (see cittern).

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