Definition of clostridium in English:

clostridium

Syllabification: clos·trid·i·um
Pronunciation: /kläˈstridēəm
 
/

noun (plural clostridia /kläˈstridēə/)

Biology
  • An anaerobic bacterium of a large genus that includes many pathogenic species, e.g., those causing tetanus, gas gangrene, botulism, and other forms of food poisoning.
    • Genus Clostridium: typically rod-shaped and Gram-positive
    More example sentences
    • Bacteria of the genus clostridium kill more wild birds each year than any other germ, animal health officials said.
    • Individual inquests into some of the deaths also established the cause of death as a strain of anaerobic bacterium, know as clostridium.
    • Postoperatively, blood cultures were positive for gram-positive rods, and ultimately severe sepsis due to clostridium developed.

Derivatives

clostridial

Pronunciation: /-ˈstridēəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • Calves were vaccinated against clostridial bacteria at approximately 60 days of age.
  • These dietary conditions lead to rapid multiplication of the clostridial bacteria in the gut of the sheep.
  • All heifers received routine health management, which included deworming and vaccination for clostridial and respiratory diseases.

Origin

modern Latin, based on Greek klōstēr 'spindle'.

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Pronunciation: ˌkələrəˈto͝orə
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