Definition of commissariat in English:

commissariat

Syllabification: com·mis·sar·i·at
Pronunciation: /ˌkäməˈserēət
 
/

noun

1chiefly Military A department for the supply of food and equipment.
More example sentences
  • A streamlined system should be created in cooperation with the military commissariats and educational agencies, enabling young men liable to conscription to learn the basics of military service and up their athletic skills.
  • The direct selection of volunteers for The Reserves may be entrusted to preliminary selection centers, which should be organic divisions of military commissariats.
  • As regards the mobilization of transport vehicles, the weakest link here today is ensuring their timely delivery to the assembly points of military commissariats and especially their roadworthiness and readiness for service.
2A government department of the Soviet Union before 1946.
More example sentences
  • Then, in the mid-1930s, the People's Commissariat for the Defense Industry was established which was subsequently, under the January 11, 1939 decree of the USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium, divided up into five separate commissariats.
  • He has made good use of other archival materials as well, including the papers of the commissariats of justice and health.
  • Their business was still overshadowed by private arrangements between individuals, and the commissariat was to hold sway in foreign exchange dealings until the 1830s.

Origin

late 16th century (as a Scots legal term denoting the jurisdiction of a commissary, often spelled commissariot): from French commissariat, reinforced by medieval Latin commissariatus, both from medieval Latin commissarius 'person in charge', from Latin committere 'entrust'.

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Word of the day retroflex
Pronunciation: ˈretrəˌfleks
adjective
turned backward