Definition of component in English:

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Pronunciation: /kəmˈpōnənt/


1A part or element of a larger whole, especially a part of a machine or vehicle: stereo components
More example sentences
  • The internal combustion engine is an integral component of a vehicle and one that baffles many people.
  • It works because this record has a soul which welds its soiled components into a perfect whole.
  • If any one of these components fail, the whole system fails, certainly in an agricultural context.
part, piece, bit, element, constituent, ingredient, building block;
unit, module, section
1.1 Physics Each of two or more forces, velocities, or other vectors acting in different directions that are together equivalent to a given vector.
Example sentences
  • Suppose that the vertical component of the force on the ground is constant and equal to amg.
  • Harriot resolved the forces acting on the projectile into horizontal and vertical components.
  • This in turn, because of the layout of the drive, would have imparted an upward component to the force of the car on the gate.


Constituting part of a larger whole; constituent: light passed through a prism breaks up into its component colors
More example sentences
  • But whenever you analyse performance in sport, you will find a whole heap of component parts.
  • The Russian entrepreneurs constitute a component part of the world capitalist elite.
  • The walls consist of component paintings arranged in a grid pattern that forms a whole.
constituent, integral;
basic, essential


Mid 17th century: from Latin component- 'putting together', from the verb componere, from com- 'together' + ponere 'put'. Compare with compound1.

Words that rhyme with component

deponent, exponent, opponent, proponent

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: com·po·nent

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