Definition of constitution in English:

constitution

Syllabification: con·sti·tu·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌkänstəˈt(y)o͞oSHən
 
/

noun

  • 1A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
    More example sentences
    • Those of us who worry about the constitution will face the precedent that this Government has established of being able to tinker with judges.
    • Even from the standpoint of elementary bourgeois democratic principles, the constitution is a travesty.
    • All that the Government can think of is to hang on to power - never mind about the constitution, democratic principle, or what is right.
    Synonyms
    charter, social code, law; bill of rights; rules, regulations, fundamental principles
  • 1.1 (the Constitution) The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the US, which came into operation in 1789 and has since been modified by twenty-seven amendments.
  • 2The composition of something: the genetic constitution of a species
    More example sentences
    • Advances in knowledge also indicate that a person's genetic constitution influences the risk of cancer after irradiation.
    • Even her insight is nothing more than the complex and dynamic active traces of her genetic constitution and personal history.
    • The particular powers had by a given object have their basis in its underlying nature - its chemical, physical, or genetic constitution and structure.
    Synonyms
    composition, makeup, structure, construction, arrangement, configuration, formation, anatomy
  • 2.1The forming or establishing of something: the constitution of a police authority
    More example sentences
    • The Erie Brackish Water desalination plant shall be overseen by the Department of the Interior, both during its constitution and following its completion.
    • This return of the ‘real’ marks an outside always present within discourse, for the outside is continuously abjected by discourse during its constitution.
    • During its constitution, this system is shaped to be blind to the components of the organism itself and, at the same time, acquires an astonishing capacity to detect a myriad of structures, even ones which do not occur in nature.
  • 3A person’s physical state with regard to vitality, health, and strength: pregnancy had weakened her constitution
    More example sentences
    • Unless planets are afflicted in Leo, the sign usually indicates strong vitality and a healthy constitution.
    • Clinically, it has been used to treat patients with reduced physical strength, cold constitution, anemia and anorexia.
    • This shows that in the early years of life the subject's health was poor or delicate, but with care, the subject in later years developed robust vitality and a strong constitution.
    Synonyms
    health, physical condition, fettle; physique
  • 3.1A person’s mental or psychological makeup.
    More example sentences
    • He shed light on the role of psychological constitution as determining the intensity and degree of LSD effects.
    • The subject here is as much his psychological constitution as it is the infancy and craft of a comedy act.
    • His take-home message is one to which most people, independent of their psychological constitution, can relate.

Origin

Middle English (denoting a law, or a body of laws or customs): from Latin constitutio(n-), from constituere 'establish, appoint' (see constitute).

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Pronunciation: ˌkələrəˈto͝orə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody