A word with two opposite meanings, e.g., sanction (which can mean both ‘a penalty for disobeying a law’ and ‘official permission or approval for an action’).
- For my part, I try to avoid words that lead to confusion like this; that's why I proscribe the usage of contranyms.
- In the special case of contronyms, the polysemous terms contain two opposite meanings.
- Using a contronym requires the listener's knowing which of its meanings applies.
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