Definition of covalent in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˌkōˈvālənt/


Relating to or denoting chemical bonds formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms. Often contrasted with ionic.
Example sentences
  • Pairs of electrons that are not shared in covalent bonds are lone pairs.
  • The three shared pairs of electrons between the two carbon atoms create a triple covalent bond.
  • In a covalent diatomic molecule, a difference in the electronegativity of the atoms will result in a dipole moment.



Pronunciation: /ˌkōˈvāləns/
Example sentences
  • We describe a rough estimate that suggests such effects on the degree of covalence are very small.
  • Indeed the measurements of bond length make this the best single formula that can be written with two single and two double S-O bonds, making six covalences in all.
  • It is argued that the terms valence, covalence, hypervalence, oxidation state, and coordination number are often confused and misused in the literature.


Example sentences
  • Many nitrates are ionic in nature, but heavy metal nitrates and anhydrous nitrates have covalently bonded nitrate groups.
  • Hybridization explains the molecular geometry of the resulting covalently bonded molecules.
  • Linear polymers are long, chainlike molecules covalently bonded in a rigid manner.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: co·va·lent

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