Definition of crop in English:

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Pronunciation: /kräp/


1A cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable: the main crops were oats and barley
More example sentences
  • In addition to rice, they also grow some other edible crops and plant vegetables and fruit around the edge of their plots.
  • The crop is grown commercially only in those regions where the plants are forced into a rest period by cold or drought.
  • These four crops accounted for 52 percent of U.S. acres planted to crops excluding fruits and vegetables in 2001.
1.1An amount of produce harvested at one time: a heavy crop of fruit
More example sentences
  • He was harvesting the crops, and had gathered in his arms a large bundle of corn.
  • When the crop was harvested, pesticide residues were found to exceed the legal limit.
  • They have to harvest the crop with almost military precision and at a pace almost as hectic as war.
harvest, year's growth, yield;
fruits, produce
1.2An abundance of something, especially a person’s hair: he had a thick crop of wiry hair
More example sentences
  • The electric blue eyes beam between a dark crop of lush hair and a rich beard.
  • He's tall, with a healthy crop of white hair.
  • He went under the razor and sacrificed his crop of red hair to raise money for his son's special school.
1.3The total number of young farm animals born in a particular year on one farm.
Example sentences
  • Jennifer might talk about her award-winning goats or the new crop of kids born days before.
1.4A group or amount of related people or things appearing or occurring at one time: the current crop of politicians
More example sentences
  • Every season, first books appear by a crop of new writers worthy of ink and paper.
  • The president's advisors will be worried by the latest crop of polls which appear to indicate a groundswell of dissatisfaction with their man.
  • The new crop of boats appears to be designed and built by committee, the accountants and people with no practical experience.
batch, lot, assortment, selection, collection, supply, intake
1.5The entire tanned hide of an animal.
2A hairstyle in which the hair is cut very short.
Example sentences
  • Buns, twists, chignons and hair knots generally work for most hair types, textures and lengths except super short chops and crops.
  • While I was eating, my mom fussed with my short crop of red hair.
  • Her back was turned to me, so I could only see her short crop of black hair and the red mantle she wore.
3 short for riding crop.
Example sentences
  • Flipping back one of the exercise mats, he revealed a selection of whips, canes and crops.
whip, switch, cane, stick
4A pouch in a bird’s gullet where food is stored or prepared for digestion.
Example sentences
  • Grain is stored in their crops and ground by the grit in their gizzard.
  • Chickadees don't have a crop in their throats to store food that is slowly digested while sleeping.
4.1An organ resembling a bird’s crop in an insect or earthworm.
Example sentences
  • Serotonin is a biogenic amine that modulates smooth muscle contractions of the crop and gizzard of the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris.
  • A comparison of specific organs revealed a huge difference in ethyl oleate found in the crop, an organ used for nectar storage.

verb (crops, cropping, cropped)

[with object]
1Cut (something, especially a person’s hair) very short: (as adjective cropped) cropped blond hair
More example sentences
  • Her blond hair was cropped short and framed her face.
  • He had short cropped blonde hair and friendly ice blue eyes.
  • Her blonde hair was cropped even shorter and her aquamarine eyes were not red rimmed like Julia's.
cut short, cut, clip, shear, shave, lop off, chop off, hack off;
dock, bob
1.1(Of an animal) bite off and eat the tops of (plants): the horse was gratefully cropping the grass
More example sentences
  • Some distance behind him a black horse cropped the grass.
  • Deer cropped the springy turf beside us, so close we could hear every snuffle and chomp.
  • On the hillside below them half a dozen sheep cropped the sunlit grass and kept a wary eye.
graze on, browse on, feed on, nibble, eat
1.2Cut the edges of (a photograph) in order to produce a better picture or to fit a given space.
Example sentences
  • In the past, photographs were cropped to alter their meaning, mis-captioned and retouched.
  • She had already cropped this photograph to fit the rectangular print into the square format of the book.
  • They cropped the photograph of her friend.
2Harvest (plants or their produce) from a particular area: hay would have been cropped several times through the summer
More example sentences
  • Set-aside payments will not help the farmer much because the subsidy is the same as if it had been cropped, but without the actual crop to sell.
  • It should be farmers' priority in Zambia to cut cotton stalks immediately after cropping if they are to avoid serious infestation of pests and diseases and achieve better yields.
  • First earlies are planted between the end of March and early April and take about 100 days before cropping.
harvest, reap, mow;
gather (in), collect, pick, bring home
2.1Sow or plant (land) with plants that will produce food or fodder, especially on a large commercial scale: the southern areas are cropped in cotton (as adjective cropped) intensively cropped areas
More example sentences
  • Southeastern soils have been intensively cropped and are prone to drought and erosion.
  • Virtually all land is double cropped, and many farmers cultivate three or four crops a year.
  • Land must be cropped in order to pay the bills.

Phrasal verbs


crop out

(Of rock) appear or be exposed at the surface of the earth.
Example sentences
  • At the base of the erosional hollow, an inlier of Jurassic rocks crops out below the late Cimmerian unconformity.
  • The nature of the Lower Palaeozoic rocks which crop out in the peninsula therefore hold important evidence for the Caledonian evolution of the area.
  • The Hammamat Group is a sequence of immature, clastic sedimentary rocks that crop out sporadically throughout the central and northern segments of the Eastern Desert of Egypt.

crop up

Appear, occur, or come to one’s notice unexpectedly: some urgent business had cropped up
More example sentences
  • It's a problem we've noticed before and it seems to crop up at random intervals.
  • Unless something unexpected crops up this year, this test looks like something a lot of us should try next year.
  • It is not something that crops up on a day to day basis in terms of business.
happen, occur, arise, turn up, spring up, pop up, emerge, materialize, surface, appear, come to light, present itself
literary come to pass, befall


Old English, of Germanic origin; related to German Kropf. From Old English to the late 18th century there existed a sense 'flower head, ear of corn', giving rise to sense 1 of the noun and senses referring to the top of something, whence sense 3 of the noun.

  • From around ad 700 to the late 18th century crop, related to group (late 17th century), had a sense ‘flower head, ear of corn’, which gave rise to the main modern meaning ‘a cultivated plant grown on a large scale’ and also to senses referring to the top of something, such as the verb uses ‘to cut very short’ or ‘to bite off and eat the tops of plants’. The sense ‘a very short hairstyle’ goes back to the late 18th century but is particularly associated with the 1920s, when the Eton crop, reminiscent of the style then worn at the English public school Eton, was fashionable for young women.

    To come a cropper is to suffer a defeat or disaster. The origin of the phrase may be the 19th-century hunting slang term ‘cropper’, meaning ‘a heavy fall’. Cropper probably came from neck and crop, an expression meaning ‘completely or thoroughly’ and originally used in the context of a horse falling to the ground. Crop here referred either to the rider's whip (originally the top part of a whip) or the horse's hindquarters. This sense is found in Old French croupe ‘rump’, which appears as croup in Middle English, and is the source of the crupper (Middle English), the bit of harness that goes from the saddle under the horse's tail, and which lies behind the word croupier (early 18th century). In early use, this was a term for a person standing behind a gambler to give advice, adopted from French, cropier ‘pillion rider, rider on the croup’.

Words that rhyme with crop

atop, bop, chop, clop, cop, dop, drop, Dunlop, estop, flop, fop, glop, hop, intercrop, knop, kop, lop, mop, op, plop, pop, prop, screw-top, shop, slop, sop, stop, strop, swap, tiptop, top, underprop, whop

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: crop

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