- To the north of my study lie cliff-caves reputed to have been inhabited by eighth-century Christian hermits - the Culdees (Celide: ‘Friends of God’).
- The first was comprehensively Romanized under the Canmores, yet it retained one important institution in the Céli Dé, or Culdees.
- Over the following 300 years, our separate Scottish kingdom protected many who maintained the Celtic or Culdee customs.
Late Middle English: from medieval Latin culdeus, alteration, influenced by Latin cultores Dei 'worshipers of God', of kelledei (plural, found in early Scottish records), from Old Irish céle dé, literally 'companion of God'.
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