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culture

Syllabification: cul·ture
Pronunciation: /ˈkəlCHər
 
/

Definition of culture in English:

noun

1The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively: 20th century popular culture
More example sentences
  • Like others, she is also against the misogyny in so much of our popular and intellectual culture.
  • Sport, and its relationship with the media, have become key markers of late - 20th century popular culture.
  • As so often these days, a study of the past of archaeology throws up revealing insights into modern intellectual culture.
Synonyms
the arts, the humanities, intellectual achievement;
literature, music, painting, philosophy, the performing arts
1.1A refined understanding or appreciation of this: men of culture
More example sentences
  • Like Flaubert and Proust, he was the son of a doctor, in that era a profession of wide culture and learning.
Synonyms
intellectual/artistic awareness, education, cultivation, enlightenment, discernment, discrimination, good taste, taste, refinement, polish, sophistication
1.2The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group: Caribbean culture people from many different cultures
More example sentences
  • Our customs, culture, and societal structure demands the presence of the father.
  • This primarily involves questions about a society's culture, social life, and public sphere.
  • If we don't attend to our moral traditions - to our culture - then our society could come apart at the seams.
Synonyms
civilization, society, way of life, lifestyle;
customs, traditions, heritage, habits, ways, mores, values
1.3 [with modifier] The attitudes and behavior characteristic of a particular social group: the emerging drug culture
More example sentences
  • Television was the perfect mainline to pump the West's veins full of the consumer culture drug.
  • Based on the movie of the same title, the show is about drug dealers, users, and the position of cash at the center of drug culture lifestyles.
  • Western consumer culture has fostered an attitude of ‘I want it and I want it now’.
2 Biology The cultivation of bacteria, tissue cells, etc., in an artificial medium containing nutrients: the cells proliferate readily in culture
More example sentences
  • Imagine the ability to grow human cells in culture to grow muscle tissue.
  • A feature shared by senescent cells in culture and in vivo is shortening of the telomeres.
  • Circadian rhythms are known to be exhibited by all peripheral tissues and mammalian cells in culture.
2.1A preparation of cells obtained from a culture: the bacterium was isolated in two blood cultures
More example sentences
  • The vaccine continued to be used for many years, until replaced by a vaccine prepared in cell cultures.
  • We presume this reduction reflects dead cells in the mutant cultures, as noted above.
  • Slides from the same blood cultures were later prepared for automated analysis.
2.2The cultivation of plants: this variety of lettuce is popular for its ease of culture
More example sentences
  • It is important to buy from a grower who gives you good culture directions for the plant you buy.
  • During plant culture, young roots were harvested at the end of the light period on 4-week-old plants.
  • A flexible tube connected the bottoms of the two chambers during plant culture, but the tube was blocked during treatments.
Synonyms

verb

[with object] Biology Back to top  
Maintain (tissue cells, bacteria, etc.) in conditions suitable for growth.
Example sentences
  • Bovine aortic endothelial cells were cultured in complete growth medium as described previously.
  • The dissociated epithelial cells were cultured in a serum-free hormone supplement medium according to a technique described previously.
  • The bone explants were then cultured in the presence or absence of the agents to be tested for 2 days.

Origin

Middle English (denoting a cultivated piece of land): the noun from French culture or directly from Latin cultura 'growing, cultivation'; the verb from obsolete French culturer or medieval Latin culturare, both based on Latin colere 'tend, cultivate' (see cultivate). In late Middle English the sense was 'cultivation of the soil' and from this (early 16th century) arose 'cultivation (of the mind, faculties, or manners)'; sense 1 of the noun dates from the early 19th century.

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Pronunciation: ôrˈTHōəpē
noun
the correct or accepted pronunciation of words