Definition of deoxyribose in English:

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deoxyribose

Pronunciation: /dēˌäksēˈrībōs/ /-bōz/

noun

Biochemistry
A sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with hydrogen.
Example sentences
  • Sugars are vital components of life, e.g. the 5-carbon sugars ribose and deoxyribose are part of the skeletons of our information storage molecules, RNA and DNA respectively.
  • For example, ribose and deoxyribose are essential for the formation of the backbone of RNA and DNA.
  • Another difference between DNA and RNA is that RNA contains ribose, rather than deoxyribose.

Origin

1930s: from de- (expressing reduction) + oxy-2 + ribose.

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