The process by which a beam of light or other system of waves is spread out as a result of passing through a narrow aperture or across an edge, typically accompanied by interference between the wave forms produced.
- This idea was forgotten about when the wave nature of light became apparent via diffraction experiments.
- It is a fact of physics that all light beams suffer from diffraction; it was not thought that much could be done about it.
- But once the circuit elements get down to sizes close to the wavelength of light, diffraction begins to blur the circuit patterns as they are projected.
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