Paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body, typically affecting the legs more severely than the arms.
- When both legs are affected (spastic diplegia), a child may have difficulty walking because tight muscles in the hips and legs cause legs to turn inward and cross at the knees (called scissoring).
- Bilateral Bell's phenomenon is found in myasthenia gravis, sarcoidosis, bilateral Bell's palsies, congenital facial diplegia, some rare forms of muscular dystrophy, and motor neurone disease.
- It was found that height was reduced in children with spastic quadriplegia but was maintained in the normal range in children with diplegia and hemiplegia.
Late 19th century: from di-1 'two', on the pattern of hemiplegia and paraplegia.
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