Definition of disk in English:

disk

Syllabification: disk
Pronunciation: /disk
 
/
(also disc)

noun

1A flat, thin, round object: heavy metal disks the size of hockey pucks onion soup ladled over a disk of cheese
More example sentences
  • Pulling a moment, he finally extracted a pair of flat metallic disks on a thin chain.
  • A flat, thin disk was in the middle of the bracelet and on one side had only one word.
  • Because scans are stored to either a floppy disk or Zip disk, no computer hook-up is needed.
Synonyms
circle, roundsaucer, discus, ring, round; coin
1.1An information storage device for a computer in the shape of a round flat plate that can be rotated to give access to all parts of the surface. The data may be stored either magnetically (in a magnetic disk) or optically (in an optical disk such as a CD-ROM).
More example sentences
  • They were then told that they could create their own three-dimensional sculptures or structures using our store of computer disks and CD-ROMs.
  • It is now understood that over 1000 documents were taken during the raids, that also included computer disks and other stored digital data.
  • Additionally, the original CD-ROM disks can be stored away where they won't get lost.
Synonyms
diskette, floppy disk, floppy; hard disk; zip disk; CD, CD-ROM, DVD
1.2 (disc) A CD or record.
More example sentences
  • Placido Domingo has released more than 100 recital discs, crossover albums and complete operas over his five-decade career.
  • The Munich-based label has made a name for itself with its discs of live recordings, mostly operatic, taken from more than half a century of Salzburg festivals.
  • Their Mendelssohn discs also include a recording of the Octet.
1.3 (discs) One of the suits in some tarot packs, corresponding to coins in others.
More example sentences
  • The Suit of "Pentacles" is also known by other names, such as "Coins", "Discs" or "Disks".
  • Discs (or Pentacles) are the pragmatic suit. Sometimes people see them as plodding and a bit slow, but this is unjust.
  • The name of each suit is printed at the bottom of pips and court cards (Queen of Discs, Four of Staves).
2A shape or surface that is round and flat in appearance: the smudged yellow disk of the moon
More example sentences
  • What strikes the human eye is the uniquely singular soaring roof, shaped like a slanted disc, which also appears to be in the form of the rising sun.
  • The Irish milliner, celebrated for his daring designs, has produced a seat large enough for two people in the shape of a large disc with an indentation.
  • The once-in-a-lifetime event takes place when Venus passes through the disc of Sun and appears like a small spot moving slowly across the Sun when viewed from the Earth.
3A roundish, flattened part in an animal or plant, in particular.
More example sentences
  • Unfortunately, many conclusions about growth and respiration are based on measurements of single leaves, leaf disks or mature plant parts.
  • The leaf disks are incubated with the bacteria.
  • The inner cells form a flattened circular shape called the embryonic disk, which will develop into a baby.
3.1 (disc or intervertebral disc) A layer of cartilage separating adjacent vertebrae in the spine: he suffered a prolapsed disc
More example sentences
  • Towards the ends of the long bones there are specialized discs of cartilage (epiphyseal plates) stretching across the entire bone.
  • Alternatively the ligaments may become loose, so that the disc of cartilage no longer stays between the jaw bone and the skull when the joint is moved.
  • Vertebral discs cushion the spine, like spongy coasters between each vertebra that protect bones from banging against each other while one is running or jumping.
3.2 Botany (In a composite flower head of the daisy family) a close-packed cluster of disk florets in the center, forming the yellow part of the flower head.
More example sentences
  • Leaf discs from plants expressing aequorin were excised and incubated in thiols as described above.
  • This assumption is supported by studies in which cysteine was supplied to leaf discs of poplar plants.
  • Root and green leaf discs were arranged centrally on the agar plate.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Cultivate (a field) with a disk harrow.
More example sentences
  • To prepare the land, Lou mows down the scrub weed trees and remnant sugar cane where they plan to plant and then a neighboring farmer is hired to disk the ground.
  • We are currently chisel plowing, disking, and field cultivating.
  • Fertilizing, stalk chopping, disking, field cultivating and planting are all occurring now.

Origin

mid 17th century (originally referring to the seemingly flat round form of the sun or moon): from French disque or Latin discus (see discus).

Usage

Generally speaking, the US spelling is disk and the British spelling is disc, although there is much overlap and variation between the two. In particular, the spelling for senses relating to computers is nearly always disk, as in floppy disk, disk drive, etc., but disc is the norm for compact disc, disc brakes, and disc camera.

Derivatives

diskless

adjective
More example sentences
  • Now the ultimate solution being considered is to go to a diskless system so employees are not tempted to walk out with their research or take it home.
  • Every single user, from sales, shipping and purchasing to production, engineering and accounting, worked on a Linux workstation, most of which were diskless.
  • Examples of platform requirements include: hot insert, hot remove, remote boot support, boot cycle detection and support for diskless systems.

Definition of disk in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day guzzle
Pronunciation: ˈgəzəl
verb
eat or drink (something) greedily