noun (plural dumkas or dumky /-kē/)
A piece of Slavic music, originating as a folk ballad or lament, typically melancholy with contrasting lively sections.
- Nothing is more characteristic of Czech music than the ‘dumka’, which Dvorák made particularly his own, notably in his Op 90 Piano Trio, which strings six of them together.
- Some late 19th-century composers used such national dance forms as the furiant or dumka in their scherzos, while some of these draw on Austrian dances and otherwise grotesque elements.
- The musical canvas of the Polish carol is formed above all by the melodies and rhythms of dances such as mazurkas, krakowiaks, obereks, kujawiaks, polonaises, and sentimental dumkas or elegies.
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