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eczema

Syllabification: ec·ze·ma
Pronunciation: /ˈeɡzəmə
 
, ˈeksəmə
 
, iɡˈzēmə
 
/

Definition of eczema in English:

noun

A medical condition in which patches of skin become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding, sometimes resulting from a reaction to irritation (eczematous dermatitis) but more typically having no obvious external cause.
Example sentences
  • Hay fever, asthma and eczema are all related allergic conditions and the tendency to develop them runs in families.
  • It is much less common in childhood than other skin conditions such as eczema but rarely, it does develop before the age of ten years.
  • Fungal rashes can sometimes be confused with other skin conditions, such as psoriasis and eczema.

Origin

mid 18th century: modern Latin, from Greek ekzema, from ekzein 'boil over, break out', from ek- 'out' + zein 'boil'.

Derivatives

eczematous

1
Pronunciation: /iɡˈzemətəs, ikˈsem-, iɡˈzē-/
adjective
Example sentences
  • On re-exposure, patients develop an acute, pruritic, eczematous dermatitis, often with blisters in a linear configuration at the site of contact.
  • Predisposing factors are a positive family history of similar symptoms and a personal history of collateral allergy manifested as eczematous dermatitis, urticaria, and/or asthma.
  • The edema may be accompanied by stasis dermatitis, an often chronic, usually eczematous condition characterized by edema, hyperpigmentation and, commonly, ulceration.

Definition of eczema in:

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