An old kind of Mediterranean wheat with small bearded ears and spikelets that each contain one slender grain, used as fodder in prehistoric times but now rarely grown. Compare with emmer, spelt2.
- Triticum monococcum, family Gramineae
- Three species exist both as wild and domesticated wheats, einkorn, emmer, and breadwheat.
- Bread wheat was the accidental ‘unnatural’ crossing of einkorn and then emmer wheat with another species.
- Domesticates included herded sheep and goats together with hulled barley, and emmer and einkorn wheat.
Early 20th century: from German, from ein 'one' + Korn 'seed'.
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