noun (plural encephalopathies)Medicine
A disease in which the functioning of the brain is affected by some agent or condition (such as viral infection or toxins in the blood).
- Both mad-cow and mad-deer disease are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, in which brain proteins called prions deform, forcing other brain cells to degenerate along with them.
- Prions are special proteins believed to be the infectious agents responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, a group of rare, fatal disorders that slowly destroy the brain and nervous system.
- Hepatic encephalopathy occurs in patients with portal hypertension and cirrhosis.
Words that rhyme with encephalopathyhomeopathy, osteopathy
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