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enema Syllabification: en·e·ma
Pronunciation: /ˈenəmə/

Definition of enema in English:

noun (plural enemas or rareenemataəˈnemətə)

1A procedure in which liquid or gas is injected into the rectum, typically to expel its contents, but also to introduce drugs or permit X-ray imaging.
Example sentences
  • A barium enema is a procedure, done through a special x-ray, for examining the large bowel.
  • No further deaths have been reported after procedures requiring barium enemas.
  • Barium enema, like colonoscopy, examines the whole colon and rectum, and, although it is cheaper and has a lower complication rate than colonoscopy, it is invasive and requires full bowel preparation.
1.1A quantity of fluid or a syringe used in an enema.
Example sentences
  • Patients who do not respond to other interventions may have to use other mild laxatives, suppositories and enemas and their use may become inevitable in the later stages of the disease.
  • Do not use other laxatives, enemas, or suppositories unless your doctor tells you to.
  • The x-rays are taken after the patient is given an enema with a barium solution and air is introduced into the colon.


Late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek, from enienai 'send or put in', from en- 'in' + hienai 'send'.

  • This comes via late Latin from Greek, from enienai ‘send or put in’, from en- ‘in’ and hienai ‘send’.

Definition of enema in:
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