Definition of epibenthos in English:

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epibenthos

Pronunciation: /ˌepəˈbenTHäs/

noun

Ecology
The flora and fauna living on the surface of the bottom of a sea or lake.
Example sentences
  • This overall form, together with the apparent restriction of Eurytholia fossils to calcareous deposits, suggests that the animal was not pelagic but belonged instead to the vagile epibenthos.
  • Values were predicted to be low among the crustacean-dominated epibenthos since we expected marsh detritus to be a prominent food resource.
  • Until the 1970s, the continental shelf of the Beaufort Sea off Alaska was also considered barren of rocky substrates and associated epibenthos.

Derivatives

epibenthic

Pronunciation: /-ˈbenTHik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • These structures may also protect infauna from epibenthic predators, leading to higher clam survivorship.
  • Compared to epibenthic dwellers like trout, strictly benthic fish species are even more affected by changes in water level because they rely on specific substratum characteristics.
  • Larger white perch seem to be more opportunistic than the smaller fish, becoming at least partly epibenthic feeders where sand shrimp are available.

Origin

Early 20th century: from Greek epi 'upon' + benthos 'depth of the sea'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ep·i·ben·thos

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