Definition of epigastrium in English:

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epigastrium

Pronunciation: /ˌepəˈɡastrēəm/

noun (plural epigastria /-trēə/)

Anatomy
The part of the upper abdomen immediately over the stomach.
Example sentences
  • The pain of acute cholecystitis typically lasts longer than three hours and, after three hours, shifts from the epigastrium to the right upper quadrant.
  • A large mass was palpable in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant.
  • The pain starts suddenly in the epigastrium or right upper quadrant and may radiate round to the back in the interscapular region.

Derivatives

epigastric

Pronunciation: /ˌepəˈɡastrik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The esophagus lies anterior to the thoracic aorta before exiting through the diaphragm slightly to the left of midline in the epigastric region of the abdomen.
  • It may present as an epigastric mass, epigastric pain radiating to the back, abdominal fullness, nausea, vomiting, or jaundice.
  • After revascularization is complete, the surgeon identifies the bladder and cuts and ligates the epigastric and round ligaments with silk ties.

Origin

Late 17th century: via late Latin from Greek epigastrion, neuter of epigastrios 'over the belly', from epi 'upon' + gastēr 'belly'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ep·i·gas·tri·um

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