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erode

Syllabification: e·rode
Pronunciation: /əˈrōd
 
/

Definition of erode in English:

verb

[with object]
1(Of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away (soil, rock, or land): the cliffs have been eroded by the sea
More example sentences
  • This water eroded the natural limestone of the island into a series of natural caves that became gradually drowned as the ice-sheets melted and the sea level rose.
  • They readily understood how water erodes rock, and this made Lyell's report all the more believable.
  • During its passage over land, water erodes vast amounts of continental rock.
1.1 [no object] (Of soil, rock, or land) be gradually worn away by natural agents.
Example sentences
  • Eventually the surrounding layers of older rock eroded away, leaving this mass exposed as a monadnock.
  • High on the side of the valley is a band of hard stone, below which softer rock has eroded out leaving overhangs and rock shelters along the base of the cliff.
  • Haitians have chopped down so many trees that the soil is eroding, making it harder to farm.
1.2Gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed: [with object]: this humiliation has eroded what confidence Jean has [no object]: profit margins are eroding
More example sentences
  • Concerns about falling victim to phishing scams are eroding US consumer confidence in online banking and e-commerce.
  • All of this leaves gnawing questions, questions that erode consumer confidence.
  • That could erode overall confidence in the economy and undermine the spending and investment needed to get it moving.
Synonyms
wear away/down, abrade, grind down, crumble;
weather;
eat away at, dissolve, corrode, rot, decay;
undermine, weaken, deteriorate, destroy
1.3 Medicine (Of a disease) gradually destroy (bodily tissue).
Example sentences
  • This measurement method is especially important when assessing PrUs because these wounds are more likely to erode subcutaneous tissue than skin.
  • George's face is badly disfigured and he has no fingers or toes; his voice is high-pitched because a part of his throat has been eroded by the disease.
  • In severe cases, this can actually erode esophageal tissue (erosive esophagitis).

Origin

early 17th century: from French éroder or Latin erodere, from e- (variant of ex-) 'out, away' + rodere 'gnaw'.

Derivatives

erodible

1
Pronunciation: /iˈrōdəbəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Much of Sellers’ ground is highly erodible, yet switchgrass flourishes.
  • The initiative would allow landowners to make better economic use of their land, particularly of isolated and erodible land not suitable for agriculture or commercial clear-fell forestry.
  • To make matters worse, farmers plow highly erodible land - land too dry or too steeply sloping to sustain cultivation - to satisfy, the swelling demand.

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