Definition of estate in English:

estate

Syllabification: es·tate
Pronunciation: /iˈstāt
 
/

noun

1An area or amount of land or property, in particular.
More example sentences
  • And when Martha Raye died three years later, she left most of her multi-million dollar estate to him, not to her only child.
Synonyms
property, grounds, garden(s), park, parkland, land(s), landholding, manor, territory
historical seigneury
1.1An extensive area of land in the country, usually with a large house, owned by one person or organization.
More example sentences
  • The grandparents then withdraw to another house on the family estate and cultivate their own land as long as they can.
  • These include extensive country estates at Emmersdorf and Mollenburg and a house in a top location in Vienna's city centre.
  • His family owns an estate in the country as well as a house in town and as eldest son he stands to inherit quite a tidy sum.
1.2All the money and property owned by a particular person, especially at death: in his will, he divided his estate between his wife and daughter
More example sentences
  • He is alleged to have taken money from the estates of ten deceased people, including a husband and wife over a ten-year period.
  • The cause of action is deemed to have subsisted before the death, allowing the claimant to sue the estate.
  • If he had done so, on his death his estate would have been entitled to a cash sum to be applied for the purchase of an annuity for his dependants.
Synonyms
1.3A property where coffee, rubber, grapes, or other crops are cultivated.
More example sentences
  • Coffee and tea are the main exports; both men and women work on coffee and tea estates.
  • This facilitated the expansion of its large coffee estates at the expense of small peasants.
  • Some of the best coffee estates in South India, first established by the British, are to be found in Kodagu.
Synonyms
plantation, farm, holding; forest, vineyard; ranch
1.4British A housing or commercial development.
More example sentences
  • It is now one of just several residential estates in a suburban village.
  • He would like to see the council building smaller estates.
  • A successful crime-busting programme which has turned a notorious estate into a sought-after residential area is in line for a top national award.
2 (also estate of the realm) A class or order regarded as forming part of the body politic, in particular (in Britain), one of the three groups constituting Parliament, now the Lords Spiritual (the heads of the Church), the Lords Temporal (the peerage), and the Commons. They are also known as the three estates.
More example sentences
  • If they really did that, we would simply have to say: ‘We, the judges, are an independent estate of the realm and it's not open to the legislature to put us out of business.’
  • They rejected parliamentary government, with its king or queen and three estates of the realm (lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the commons).
  • In an important sense, inland towns were parasitic on the countryside, for the bulk of the seigneurial dues, rents, tithes, and fees collected by the first two estates of the realm were spent in urban centres.
2.1 dated A particular class or category of people in society: the spiritual welfare of all estates of men
More example sentences
  • They began with one very old intellectual tool, a conception of the different estates in society.
  • Meanwhile, the novel also deals with the insecurities of self - in the middle and upper estates as well as the lowest - in a changing society.
  • By law, society was divided into three groups called estates.
3 archaic or literary A particular state, period, or condition in life: programs for the improvement of man’s estate the holy estate of matrimony
More example sentences
  • But the fact is, these plans do equate gay liaisons with the honourable estate of matrimony.
  • However they might differ on other issues, all the reformers vigorously defended the honourable estate of matrimony.
  • How I dread preaching on the estate of marriage!
3.1Grandeur, pomp, or state: a chamber without a chair of estate
More example sentences
  • The Queen had re-delivered the sword and laid it on the altar, and now returned to her chair of estate.
  • Once there, the Queen was placed in a chair of estate, facing the high altar.

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'state or condition'): from Old French estat, from Latin status 'state, condition', from stare 'to stand'.

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