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etymology

Syllabification: et·y·mol·o·gy
Pronunciation: /ˌedəˈmäləjē
 
/

Definition of etymology in English:

noun (plural etymologies)

1The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.
Example sentences
  • Based on a rough study of etymology, these words for big numbers were popularized in 17th-century France and were based on the 14th-century coinage of ‘million.’
  • From this comes new ideas on sociology, on etymology, on history, poetry, on the nature of early religion, the impact of nature and geography on society, on divine intervention and a whole host of others topics.
  • His university lectures on etymology and linguistics were standing room only, and he invariably stayed late to answer a barrage of questions.
1.1The origin of a word and the historical development of its meaning.
Example sentences
  • Mark cites specific qualitative facts about the meanings and etymologies of particular Somali words, and speculates on what they mean for the view of the world you get through Somali lexicon and metaphoric imagery.
  • All words have etymologies and all ideas have pedigrees.
  • The card file to the left of where my father sat has definitions and etymologies of frequently used words, such as pleasure and play.
Synonyms
derivation, word history, development, origin, source

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French ethimologie, via Latin from Greek etumologia, from etumologos 'student of etymology', from etumon, neuter singular of etumos 'true'.

Derivatives

etymologist

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Anyway, bemused etymologists eventually tracked down the source of this confusion.
  • And this is where the rules etymologists follow get rather complicated.
  • While virtually every dictionary describes the origins of ‘bamboozle’ as shrouded in obscurity, a few etymologists maintain its nautical pedigree.

Definition of etymology in:

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