- Alternative name: 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol; chemical formula: C10H12O2.
- The taste is acid but sweet, with an unusual aromatic quality partly due to eugenol, an essential oil found also in cloves.
- The aromatic chemical in clove called eugenol anesthetizes pain and kills bacteria.
- Linalool is responsible for the light floral character; eugenol, the clove; and methyl chavicol, the anise.
Late 19th century: from Eugenia (genus name of the tree from which oil of cloves is obtained, named in honor of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736)) + -ol.
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