Definition of filopodium in English:

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filopodium

Pronunciation: /ˌfiləˈpōdēəm/ /ˌfī-/

noun (plural filopodia /-ˈpōdēə/)

Biology
A long, slender, tapering pseudopodium, as found in some protozoans and in embryonic cells.
Example sentences
  • A few hours after it detached, the cell regenerated its filopodia and once again adhered to the matrix.
  • These filopodia push into adjacent cells and are ingested by them.
  • In some cells, filopodia are essential for navigation: when filopodia are suppressed, the nerve growth cones can advance but cannot navigate.

Derivatives

filopodial

Pronunciation: /-ˈpōdēəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Other cells from the same population spread in a slower, anisotropic mode, exhibiting filopodial protrusions, greater membrane ruffling, edge retraction, and centripetal flow of actin filaments.
  • When growth cones encounter guidance cues or asymmetric environments, signaling changes may also affect filopodial motility and distribution or microtubule engorgement to guide subsequent growth cone motility.
  • Also, some observations indicate that the rate of filopodial elongation does not slow down with filopodial length as fast as predicted by our theory.

Origin

Early 20th century: from Latin filium 'thread' + podium.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: fil·o·po·di·um

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