noun (plural floras or florae /ˈflôrē/ /ˈflôrī/)
- Admire the postcard views of city skyscrapers and the native Western Australian flora in the botanic gardens.
- They indicated that Big Savannah was completely treeless and supported an unusually dense and rich herbaceous flora.
- If we think of flora of the fells at all it is often to appreciate their beauty.
- We then compared this list to published floras in each borough, and our own research in New York City to compile the final list used in this research.
- Modern technology has brought further developments, and the garden's website offers a chance to see the library catalogue online along with a number of floras and monographs (detailed descriptions of plants and plant groups).
- Can the babble of field guides, floras, faunas, ID keys, and monographs be coordinated (or, at least, networked)?
Late 18th century: from Latin flos, flor- 'flower'.
faun from Late Middle English:
In Roman mythology a faun was a lustful rural deity represented as a man with goat's horns, ears, legs, and tail. The word comes from the name of Faunus, a god of flocks and herds, who was associated with wooded places. He had a sister, Fauna, whose name in turn gives us fauna, which since the late 18th century has been used to mean ‘the animals of a particular region or period’. Flora (late 18th century), ‘the plants of a particular region or period’ comes from the name of Flora, an ancient Italian goddess of fertility and flowers, source also of floral (mid 18th century), floret (late 17th century), florid (mid 17th century), and florist (early 17th century). See also flower.
The identically sounded fawn (Late Middle English) meaning ‘a young deer’ comes from Old French faon and is based on Latin fetus ‘offspring’. The word did not mean ‘a light brown colour’ until much later, in the late 19th century. The verb fawn is earlier, and is a quite different word. In Old English fagnian meant ‘make or be glad’, often used of a dog showing delight by wagging its tail, grovelling, or whining. Fawn was then used to convey the idea of a person giving a servile display of exaggerated flattery or affection, particularly in order to gain favour.