Definition of fracture in English:


Syllabification: frac·ture
Pronunciation: /ˈfrakCHər


  • 1The cracking or breaking of a hard object or material: bone density testing can predict the risk for fracture
    More example sentences
    • The authors conclude from this study that the risk of hip fracture in elderly persons can be greatly reduced by the use of a hip-protector device.
    • They are potentially suitable for use by older people at high risk of hip fracture rather than older people generally.
    • Today there is a wide range of therapeutic options and several safe and effective medical treatments to reduce the risk of fracture by up to 50 per cent.
    breaking, breakage, cracking, fragmentation, splintering, rupture
  • 1.1A crack or break in a hard object or material, typically a bone or a body of rock: a fracture of the left leg
    More example sentences
    • Stress fractures are partial fractures, often hairline cracks in the bone, caused by repeated stress.
    • Direct injury to the spine may cause a bone fracture anywhere along your vertebral column.
    • Bone scanning is sensitive but not specific for detecting stress fractures, healing fractures, infections and tumors.
  • 1.2The physical appearance of a freshly broken rock or mineral, especially as regards the shape of the surface formed.
    More example sentences
    • Alteration of this mineral has produced an unusual abundance of vivianite coatings on fracture surfaces in the rock.
    • It forms attractive dendrites on fracture surfaces.
    • The mineral is brittle with a conchoidal to uneven fracture.
  • 2 Phonetics The replacement of a simple vowel by a diphthong owing to the influence of a following sound, typically a consonant.
  • 2.1A diphthong substituted by a fracture.


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  • 1Break or cause to break: [no object]: the stone has fractured [with object]: ancient magmas fractured by the forces of wind and ice
    More example sentences
    • His characters are fractured, broken people, who find happiness too late and too unsatisfactorily, if at all.
    • Broken columns of rock fractured from the face are tumbled like a game of jackstraws below.
    • This inequality leads to fracturing within the stone and eventual disintegration.
  • 1.1 [with object] Sustain a fracture of (a bone): (as adjective fractured) she suffered a fractured skull
    More example sentences
    • The scaphoid is the most commonly fractured bone of the wrist.
    • The mammalian liver can regenerate if a part of it is removed, the antlers of male deer regenerate each year, and fractured bones can mend by a regenerative process.
    • She has never required any surgical procedures or fractured any bones.
    broken, cracked, splintered, shattered, ruptured
  • 1.2(With reference to an organization or other abstract thing) split or fragment so as to no longer function or exist: [no object]: the movement had fractured without his leadership
    More example sentences
    • But the splits that fractured the women's movement are hairline cracks compared with the schisms within the Pankhurst family itself.
    • By the time he had resigned from his position he'd fractured the organization in two and been accused by his own department as being ‘dangerous’.
    • Generations are split up and badly fractured like never before.
  • 1.3 (as adjective fractured) (Of speech or a language) broken.
    More example sentences
    • But in China these days, fractured French and its equally mal-appropriate cousins are no laughing matter.
    • Half-understood insults and ironic declarations of love converge into a disorienting swirl of fractured English and pidgin Arabic.
    • On the other hand, I love sketching building plans and am well capable of pursuing recalcitrant plumbers and joiners in fractured French.


late Middle English: from French, or from Latin fractura, from frangere 'to break'.

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