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fungus

Syllabification: fun·gus
Pronunciation: /ˈfəNGɡəs
 
/

Definition of fungus in English:

noun (plural fungi /-jī, -ɡī/ or funguses)

1Any of a group of unicellular, multicellular, or syncytial spore-producing organisms feeding on organic matter, including molds, yeast, mushrooms, and toadstools.
Example sentences
  • Now I've got to tell you I'm no expert in mushrooms toadstools and fungi in general.
  • As mycorrhizal fungi can extend for some distance out from the plant root, this region can be significant.
  • Data about antioxidative systems in mycorrhizal fungi in pure culture and in symbiosis are scarce.
Synonyms
mushroom, toadstool;
mold, mildew, rust;
Biology saprophyte
1.1Fungal infection (especially on fish).
Example sentences
  • One of the greatest challenges for hatchery managers is to control the spread of fungus on fish held in captivity, particularly during autumn.
  • The Scottish Executive outlawed malachite green, widely used by fish farmers to treat fungus in salmon, on June 11.
  • A dye called Malachite green, used to treat fungus on fish, is carcinogenic.
1.2 [in singular] Used to describe something that has appeared or grown rapidly and is considered unpleasant or unattractive: there was a fungus of outbuildings behind the house
More example sentences
  • And divorce lawyers are the fungus that grows beneath that scum.
  • Religious zealotry is a fungus growing out of the decay of high secular ideals.
  • There are at least six billion reasons to dislike the soul-draining fungus that is that famous singer, but we don't have all day, so I'm going to give you five.

Fungi lack chlorophyll and are therefore incapable of photosynthesis. Many play an ecologically vital role in breaking down dead organic matter; some are an important source of antibiotics or are used in fermentation, and others cause disease. The familiar mushrooms and toadstools are merely the fruiting bodies of organisms that exist mainly as a threadlike mycelium in the soil. Some fungi form associations with other plants, growing with algae to form lichens, or in the roots of higher plants to form mycorrhizas. Fungi are now often classified as a separate kingdom distinct from the green plants

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin, perhaps related to Greek spongos, sphongos (see sponge).

Definition of fungus in:

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