Share this entry

Share this page

ganglion

Syllabification: gan·gli·on
Pronunciation: /ˈɡaNGɡlēən
 
/

Definition of ganglion in English:

noun (plural ganglia /-ɡlēə/ or ganglions)

1 Anatomy A structure containing a number of nerve cell bodies, typically linked by synapses, and often forming a swelling on a nerve fiber.
Example sentences
  • The two major plexuses consist of ganglia, clusters of nerve cell bodies disposed at more or less regular intervals over the surface of the cylinder.
  • This nerve carries the otic ganglion, which is derived from glossopharyngeal neurons.
  • In the first form (restlessness and dysphagia), the lesions tend to concentrate in the brain stem and the cranial nerve ganglia.
1.1A network of cells forming a nerve center in the nervous system of an invertebrate.
Example sentences
  • Swim interneuron isolation was done according to methods previously described by them, by pulling the cell out of the ganglia using the recording microelectrode.
  • It appears as if all of the staining in the cerebral ganglia is due to processes emanating from cells in the ganglia at the base of the tentacles.
  • If this experiment were possible I would predict that removing the rhopalial ganglion cells would eliminate a behavioral response to light even if the eyes and the swim system remained unharmed.
1.2A well-defined mass of gray matter within the central nervous system. See also basal ganglia.
Example sentences
  • It is deposited in those brain ganglia that normally house iron.
  • Occurrence of neurodegeneration was indicated by the vacuolar appearance of neural tissues of the brain or ganglia.
  • Inflammation is commonly present in the basal ganglia, brainstem, spinal cord, and dorsal root ganglia and is composed of a perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate with accompanying glial reaction.
2 Medicine An abnormal benign swelling on a tendon sheath.
Example sentences
  • Flexor tendon sheath ganglia make up the remaining 10 to 15 percent.
  • Metastatic lesions may be confused with a ganglion, epidermoid inclusion cyst, acute gout, and even rheumatoid arthritis.
  • It is the breakdown of the synovial tissue of tendon sheaths that gives rise to most ganglia.

Origin

late 17th century: from Greek ganglion 'tumor on or near sinews or tendons', used by Galen to denote the complex nerve centers.

Derivatives

ganglionic

1
Pronunciation: /ˌɡaNGɡlēˈänik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Robo2, which we identified in the screen as a weak suppressor, has previously been shown to be required to prevent the ganglionic branches of the embryonic tracheal system from crossing the ventral midline.
  • The two main ganglionic trunks of the sympathetic nervous system are the cervical and lumbar trunks.
  • Mature neuronal or ganglionic cells were not seen.

Words that rhyme with ganglion

Anglian

Definition of ganglion in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day Noel
Pronunciation: nōˈel
noun
Christmas…