Definition of gastrocnemius in English:


Syllabification: gas·troc·ne·mi·us
Pronunciation: /ˌgastrō(k)ˈnēmēəs
(also gastrocnemius muscle)

noun (plural gastrocnemii /-mēˌī/)

The chief muscle of the calf of the leg, which flexes the knee and foot. It runs to the Achilles tendon from two heads attached to the femur.
More example sentences
  • The gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle, via the Achilles tendon, function as the chief plantar flexors of the ankle joint.
  • However, among all the skeletal muscles, the gastrocnemius was probably the most suitable muscle to examine immobilization-induced deconditioning and passive shortening.
  • This exercise focuses on the hamstrings but also involves the gastrocnemius muscles.


late 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek gastroknēmia 'calf of the leg', from gastēr, gastr- 'stomach' + knēmē 'leg' (from the bulging shape of the calf).

More definitions of gastrocnemius

Definition of gastrocnemius in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day grammarian
Pronunciation: grəˈme(ə)rēən
a person who studies and writes about grammar