Definition of genitive in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈjenədiv/


Relating to or denoting a case of nouns and pronouns (and words in grammatical agreement with them) indicating possession or close association.
Example sentences
  • Since every regular noun has a genitive form, every trademark that has the form of a singular noun has a genitive form too.
  • Meanwhile the Malays and Chinese had managed to build impressive civilisations without so much as a past tense, let alone a subjunctive, or genitive plural.
  • Write in columns the nominative singular, genitive plural, gender, and meaning of: - operibus, principe, imperatori, genere, apro, nivem, vires, frondi, muri.


1A word in the genitive case.
Example sentences
  • In phrases, adjectives and genitives generally precede nouns: micel fld ‘a great flood;’ Westseaxna cyning ‘king of the West Saxons.’
  • Attributive genitives are linked to the nouns they qualify by a system of connective particles.
1.1 (the genitive) The genitive case.
Example sentences
  • Why do some verbs take the genitive, not the accusative?
  • The genitive also expresses possession: ‘whose house is this?’
  • As students of the language may recall, German has four cases - nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative - which see words change in order to explain their relationship to each other.



Pronunciation: /ˌjenəˈtīv(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • The genitival relationship between two nouns is marked by an initial raised H tone on the second noun.
  • ‘Each’ and ‘some’ are always the first noun in the genitival phrase.
  • As a Semitic construct, the genitival expression ‘son of X’ in the Bible can grammatically denote the member of the group or class.


Pronunciation: /ˌjeniˈtīvəlē/
Example sentences
  • In Finwe Míriello ‘of Finwe and Míriel’ only the last name is declined, although both genitivally modify Namna ‘Statute’.
  • He believes that the bit of unreferenced linguistic code ‘being’ is something that can be talked about genitivally as if it belongs in some way to the entity.


Late Middle English: from Old French genitif, -ive or Latin genitivus (casus) '(case) of production or origin', from gignere 'beget'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: gen·i·tive

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