Definition of geology in English:

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geology

Pronunciation: /jēˈäləjē/

noun

1The science that deals with the earth’s physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.
Example sentences
  • Physical sciences, particularly earth sciences such as geology and hydrology, are popular subjects for study and research in Oman's university.
  • The country has produced important work in biology, medicine, geology, mathematics, physics, genetics, psychology, and anthropology.
  • John, who left school at 16, learned in early March that he would receive his BSc degree in geology and earth sciences just a month before 25-year-old Alyson's own graduation.
1.1The geological features of an area: the geology of the Outer Hebrides
More example sentences
  • I have tried to cover the basic geology and mineralogy of the district and hit a few of the district's highlights.
  • Some of this stems from a poor understanding of wetland geology and what wetland landforms are.
  • The details of regional geology together with extensional folds in the Alasehir graben are enough to refute a short lived contractional tectonics in late Miocene to Pliocene in western Turkey.
1.2The geological features of a planetary body: the geology of the surface of Mars
More example sentences
  • The seven science instruments on the piano-sized probe would shed light on the bodies' surface properties, geology, interior makeup and atmospheres.
  • Paper-based fieldwork methods have made fundamental contributions to our current state of knowledge of the Earth's surface and subsurface geology.
  • These use remote sensing and instruments that can scratch away surfaces to analyse the geology of the Red Planet.

Derivatives

geologize

Pronunciation: /jēˈäləˌjīz/
verb
Example sentences
  • It was the only day on Scott's final arduous march homewards from the pole that they were to devote to ‘geologizing.’
  • The problem of doing on-the-spot lunar geologising in an efficient way awaited the electric Rover.
  • It's great to finally be working back in Appalachia after 25 years of geologizing in so many other parts of the world.

Origin

Late 18th century: from modern Latin geologia, from Greek 'earth' + -logia (see -logy).

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