Share this entry

gingiva Syllabification: gin·gi·va
Pronunciation: /jinˈjīvə/ /ˈjinjəvə/
(also pluralgingivaejinˈjīvēˈjinjəˌvē)

Definition of gingiva in English:


[treated as singular or plural] Medicine
The gums.
Example sentences
  • Chronic periodontitis (inflammation of the gingiva and periodontal membrane) may be a sequel of chronic gingivitis, usually because of accumulation of plaque and calculus.
  • The patient complained of right maxillary pain; there were no significant dental abnormalities, but a small lesion on the right upper gingiva was seen, and a biopsy was performed.
  • Lesions of the oral mucosa may be seen on the gingiva, buccal mucosa, palate, tongue, and lips.


Late 17th century: Latin, 'gum'.



Pronunciation: /jinˈjīv(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • It is a variation of growth and development and can affect a person's bite, ability to clean teeth properly, gingival health, jaw growth, speech development, and appearance.
  • Other signs can include gingival oedema, periodontitis and adenopathy.
  • Lesions on children classically involve the buccal and gingival mucosa.

Definition of gingiva in:

Share this entry


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day innocuous
Pronunciation: iˈnäkyo͞oəs
not harmful or offensive