Definition of glomerulus in English:

glomerulus

Syllabification: glo·mer·u·lus
Pronunciation: /glōˈmeryələs
 
/

noun (plural glomeruli /-ˌlī/)

Anatomy & Biology
1A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, in particular.
1.1A cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.
More example sentences
  • The glomerulus filters the blood and the waste products are removed.
  • Pressure of blood in the glomerulus causes fluid to filter into Bowman's capsule.
  • IgA Nepropathy progressively ruins the kidneys' filtering units, called glomeruli.

Origin

mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.

Derivatives

glomerular

adjective
More example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.

Definition of glomerulus in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day apposite
Pronunciation: ˈapəzit
adjective
apt in the circumstances or relation to something