Definition of glomerulus in English:

glomerulus

Syllabification: glo·mer·u·lus
Pronunciation: /glōˈmeryələs
 
/

noun (plural glomeruli /-ˌlī/)

Anatomy & Biology
  • 1A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, in particular.
  • 1.1A cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.
    More example sentences
    • The glomerulus filters the blood and the waste products are removed.
    • Pressure of blood in the glomerulus causes fluid to filter into Bowman's capsule.
    • IgA Nepropathy progressively ruins the kidneys' filtering units, called glomeruli.

Derivatives

glomerular

adjective
More example sentences
  • By light microscopy, glomeruli showed glomerular basement membrane thickening.
  • This force drives plasma from the glomerular capillaries into the nephrons.
  • Jones silver stains highlighted the basement membrane spikes in some, but not all, glomerular capillaries.

Origin

mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- 'ball of thread'.

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