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grapheme

Syllabification: graph·eme
Pronunciation: /ˈɡrafēm
 
/

Definition of grapheme in English:

noun

Linguistics
The smallest meaningful contrastive unit in a writing system. Compare with phoneme.
Example sentences
  • Then, beginning readers learn to parse the printed word into graphemes and subsequently assign phonemes to the different graphemes.
  • There were more deviations from the normal pattern in the pointed experiment, where dyslexies had to process both graphemes and diacritic signs than in the nonpointed experiment.
  • Alternatively, the graphemes can be synthesized and mapped onto complete orthographic lexical representations.

Origin

1930s: from graph2 + -eme.

Derivatives

graphemic

1
Pronunciation: /ɡraˈfēmik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Those authors presented words in a study phase, accompanied by one of three types of questions, about the graphemic, phonemic or semantic properties of the word.
  • Selecting the correct word requires the user to attend to the specific/unique characteristics (e.g., phonemic, graphemic, morphemic) of the word among other, similar sounding and looking words.
  • Our reasoning was that the passive condition ensured that the children received visual / graphemic and phonological input exactly at the same time, which might be important for forming the relevant associations.

graphemically

2
Pronunciation: /ɡraˈfēmik(ə)lē/
adverb
Example sentences
  • In Experiment 1, the preview of target characters consisted of targets or of graphemically similar, homophonic, or dissimilar characters.
  • All graphemically similar probe words and targets differed by only one letter.
  • In this sense, in modern English a "b" is graphemically distinct from a "c", because by substituting one for the other we can move from "bat" to "cat".

graphemics

3
Pronunciation: /ɡraˈfēmiks/
noun
Example sentences
  • The sixteen articles are organized into sections on phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, discourse analysis, historical/comparative linguistics, and graphemics.
  • Furthermore, it is possible to search the corpus according to different beginning graphemics of the words.
  • This paper will address the relationship between 'school orthography' and graphemics.

Definition of grapheme in:

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