Definition of gravity in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈɡravədē/


1 Physics The force that attracts a body toward the center of the earth, or toward any other physical body having mass. For most purposes Newton’s laws of gravity apply, with minor modifications to take the general theory of relativity into account.
Example sentences
  • Certainly, every type of matter we have ever encountered feels the attractive force of gravity.
  • Physics has found only four forces in nature: gravity, electromagnetism, weak nuclear, and strong nuclear.
  • Objects exert a force of gravity because they have mass and the more mass they have the stronger the force of gravity they exert.
1.1The degree of intensity of this, measured by acceleration.
Example sentences
  • Specific gravity was measured by a harmonic oscillation method on the automated workstation.
  • The speed of gravity has been measured for the first time, revealing that it does indeed travel at the speed of light.
  • Although these hidden dimensions remain too small to be measured, gravity can travel in between them.
2Extreme or alarming importance; seriousness: crimes of the utmost gravity
More example sentences
  • Naturally this only occurs in situations of extreme gravity or urgency threatening irreparable damage to persons.
  • They realized the full gravity of the situation when they scanned, what moments before, had been a room full of Sailors eating lunch.
  • This is a moment of utmost gravity for the world.
seriousness, importance, significance, weight, consequence, magnitude;
acuteness, urgency, exigence;
awfulness, dreadfulness
formal moment
2.1Seriousness or solemnity of manner: has the poet ever spoken with greater eloquence or gravity?
More example sentences
  • An air of gravity and solemnity pervaded the president's remarks as a stunned nation listened by radio.
  • He exuded dignity and gravity and he was courteous to counsel and witnesses alike.
  • He played this part with gravity and dignity, and in an understated style which set off the flamboyant persona of Henry VIII.
solemnity, seriousness, somberness, sobriety, soberness, severity, grimness, humorlessness, dourness;


Late 15th century (sense 2): from Old French, or from Latin gravitas 'weight, seriousness', from gravis 'heavy'. sense 1 dates from the 17th century.

  • guru from early 17th century:

    This is from Hindi and Punjabi, from Sanskrit guru ‘weighty, grave, dignified’ (comparable with Latin gravis ‘heavy’ source of gravity (Late Middle English)): this led to ‘elder, teacher’.

Words that rhyme with gravity

cavity, concavity, depravity

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: grav·i·ty

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