Definition of gynoecium in English:


Syllabification: gy·noe·ci·um
Pronunciation: /jiˈnēSHēəm, ɡī-, -sēəm

noun (plural gynoecia /-SHēə, -sēə/)

The female part of a flower, consisting of one or more carpels.
More example sentences
  • In Convolvulaceae the median plane of the flower bisects the two carpels of the gynoecium and is axillary.
  • Because valves are scored to determine the numbers of carpels present within a gynoecium, flowers with one or zero valves could affect the mean carpel number.
  • The gynoecium has three carpels united to form a compound ovary with three styles that are short when the flowers open and that elongate gradually.


mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek gunaikeion 'women's apartments', from gunē, gunaik- 'woman, female' + oikos 'house'.

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