noun[usually as modifier] Archaeology
A cultural phase of the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age in Europe (circa 1200–600 bc in temperate continental areas), preceding the La Tène period and associated with the early Celts.
- The origins of their culture can be traced back to the Bronze Age of the upper Danube in the 13th century BC, with successive stages represented by the urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.
- However, the peak of feasting - and in particular, of the ‘political’ type of feast - came in the late Hallstatt period, soon after the foundation of the Greek colony of Massalia at the mouth of the Rhine.
- In Bettina Arnold's article on feasting among the Celts (‘Power drinking in Iron Age Europe’, February), she seeks parallels for the well-documented consumption of wealth in the Hallstatt period in later Irish sources.
Mid 19th century: the name of a village in Austria, site of a burial ground of this period.
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