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helium

Syllabification: he·li·um
Pronunciation: /ˈhēlēəm
 
/

Definition of helium in English:

noun

The chemical element of atomic number 2, an inert gas that is the lightest member of the noble gas series. (Symbol: He)

Helium occurs in traces in air and more abundantly in natural gas deposits. It is used as a lifting gas for balloons and airships, and liquid helium (boiling point: 4.2 kelvins, 268.9°C) is used as a coolant. Helium is produced in stars as the main product of the thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen and is the second most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen

Example sentences
  • Other light elements that are commonly proposed for the outer core are silicon, carbon, helium, and nitrogen.
  • Ramsay realized that argon and helium might be members of a hitherto unsuspected new group in the Periodic Table.
  • Cool the detectors with liquid nitrogen instead of solid hydrogen or liquid helium.

Origin

late 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek hēlios 'sun', because its existence was inferred from an emission line in the sun's spectrum.

Words that rhyme with helium

berkelium, epithelium, nobelium, Sealyham

Definition of helium in:

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