Definition of heterolysis in English:

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heterolysis

Pronunciation: /ˌhetəˈräləsis/ Pronunciation: /-rōˈlīsis/

noun

1 Biology The dissolution of cells by lysins or enzymes from different species.
2 Chemistry The breakdown of a compound into oppositely charged ions.
Example sentences
  • The conclusion was that homolysis and heterolysis did not take place; furthermore the paper summarized the chemistry of peroxynitrite known at that time.
  • In accordance with this embodiment, the dye cation formed from heterolysis of the leuconitrile color former is bleachable at high doses of actinic radiation.
  • This showed the reaction to proceed via the formation of a ring-closed carbonium ion-intermediate at C1, and the rate-determining step to be the subsequent heterolysis of the C1 - O bond.

Derivatives

heterolytic

adjective
Example sentences
  • For example, when malachite green is irradiated with UV light of 225-300 nm, heterolytic cleavage of the C-R bond occurs, and a charged photoproduct is formed with minimal changes in geometric conformation.
  • Reactions 4 and 5 involve homolytic and heterolytic O-O bond cleavage of the peroxides, respectively, and in most cases, the two pathways can be identified by product analysis.
  • The more common way is ‘heterolytic cleavage’ where one of the atoms retains both of the bonding electrons, and the other takes none.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: het·er·ol·y·sis

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