There are 2 main definitions of hop in English:

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hop 1

Syllabification: hop

verb (hops, hopping, hopped)

[no object]
1(Of a person) move by jumping on one foot.
Example sentences
  • ‘You're hopping, you're jumping, you're running, you're planting your feet,’ he says.
  • I arranged to meet him in a pub in Naas and I was expecting someone older and I was hopping on one foot waiting to meet him when he came over to me.
  • I started hopping from one foot to the other, it couldn't get any worse. could it?
1.1(Of a bird or other animal) move by jumping with two or all feet at once: a blackbird was hopping around in the sun
More example sentences
  • Actions are jerky and the bird hops rather than climbs even when beneath a branch.
  • Similarly, if you observe birds hopping around on the ground, you are not going to think ‘warblers.’
  • Many birds of prey were hopping around on the ground, eating grubs and worms, unable to fly because of the lack of thermals.
1.2Spring or leap a short distance with one jump: he hopped down from the rock
More example sentences
  • With a stiff spring, the particle hops over short distances and tends to be localized, whereas the particle can make long jumps, sliding over many valleys, when the spring is soft.
  • The Leinster champions had another slice of good fortune when a poor point attempt by Sheridan fell short but hopped over the bar for a point.
  • He hopped down from the short stage and Jerry followed him to the outer wall.
1.3 [with object] Jump over (something): the cow hopped the fence
More example sentences
  • I jumped a fence, ran down backyards and alleys, hopped another fence, and the dog was waiting.
  • He hopped the small white fence and jogged over to us, fishing a pair of keys out of his khaki pants.
  • And William jumps off that little fellow and hops the fence and he and I run like crazy and hide in the house with all the animals that live in the dark.
1.4 informal Pass quickly from one place to another: let’s hop over to the bar
More example sentences
  • Last winter, a family hopped to Lapland for six hours to meet Santa.
1.5Make a quick change of position, location, or activity: over the years he hopped from one department to another
More example sentences
  • So a quick decision later we hopped over to the supermarket feeling lucky they would have some left.
  • They hopped back to their positions on either side of the bridge.
  • He gave me a quick kiss before hopping onto the podium.
1.6 [with object] informal Board (a bus, airplane, or other mode of transportation): she hopped a train in Winnipeg
More example sentences
  • Already, it's easy to see that writers and coaches have hopped on board the Boise and Fresno trains.
  • Before she could register what was happening, Damien took off for the train and hopped on board.
  • I hopped on board a car headed for Canal Street not realizing that I was really only a few blocks from the end of the line.
1.7 [with object] North American informal Jump onto (a moving vehicle): ex-soldiers looking for work hopped freight trains heading west
More example sentences
  • My head is swimming with dreams and schemes and the overwhelming desire to hop a bus or a train or a plane and make this dream happen.
  • The perfect setting for a little ego death on the Nile before hopping the sleeper train back to Cairo.
  • With the release of the first bit of material since he hopped the solo train, I'm sorry to say that not too much has changed.
1.8 [usually as nounin combination] (-hopping) (Of an aircraft or ferry) pass quickly from one place to another: two-week island-hopping packages
More example sentences
  • Suddenly concerned he opened the door quickly and rushed inside, startling Blair who was hopping from the desk to the couch.
  • You can't simply have people hopping around at will to avoid the authorities.
  • The industry really seems to consist of the same 50 people hopping around some ten places all the time.
go, dash;
travel, journey;
jet, fly
informalpop, whip, nip
1.9 (hop it) British informal Go away quickly.
Example sentences
  • There's the brooding and mysterious Velimir Zajec, catalyst for Harry hopping it, and there's the long-lost hero - what has Joe Jordan been doing for the last few years?
  • Gary Ruane came across and I hopped it back inside.
  • So I hopped it to next-door St Lucia and probably my favourite restaurant in the world, Bang.


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1A hopping movement.
Example sentences
  • The dancers rely on powerful, rather slow, twirling movements with hops.
  • I came out of work tonight with a kind of a hop and a skip.
  • I added a minor hop and skip to my customary semi-shuffle and waved my stick about a bit.
1.1A short journey or distance: a short hop by cab from Soho
More example sentences
  • Many iSCSI applications are latency sensitive, so building the network with the fewest number of hops and the shortest possible links is usually a key consideration.
  • Getting to Okanagan involves a four - to six-hour drive or a short plane hop from Vancouver or Seattle.
  • The number of hops on the shortest path between people is sometimes called the graph distance or degree of separation between those people.
journey, distance, ride, drive, run, trip, jaunt;
informal‘hop, skip, and a jump’
2An informal dance.
Example sentences
  • This surge in popularity in all forms of dance is equally mirrored in the lindy hop, with many events occurring around the country.
  • The band then romp through three road songs that most people would die for to have in their repertoire, each single one would get people leaping about on the dance floor at a college hop.
  • For Ryan, however, the more important component of lindy hop is its roots in black history.


hop, skip, and (a) jump

1 old-fashioned term for triple jump.
Example sentences
  • Such as synchronised diving, a sport so strictly, brazenly state of the art that it makes the hop, skip and jump look useful.
  • To make matters worse, the man tipped to replace him as the planet's leading exponent of the hop, skip and jump will not be in action today on account of his nationality.
  • He has been a constant gold winner in the shot, long jump, hop step and jump, and discus.
2 informal A short distance: it’s just a hop, skip, and a jump from my hometown
More example sentences
  • Mentioning the Writers' Collective events remind me that it will just be a hop, skip and jump until festival time.
  • From there she compiled a book of horoscopes for women, and it was only a hop, skip and jump to convince her publishers to let her write nincompoopish novels aimed at women.
  • Iqaluit may be a hop, skip and a jump away from a healthier lifestyle after city council agreed to support the newly created Iqaluit Fitness Society in its search for funding.

hop the twig (or stick)

British informal Depart suddenly or die.
Example sentences
  • It was the best Frankie Howerd impersonation I've seen since the man himself hopped the twig.
  • I see Ronald Reagan has hopped the twig, aged 93.
  • I'm a donor, and my wishes won't be overruled if I hop the twig.

hop to it

Begin a task quickly; get busy: I shall have the experience of snapping my fingers and having people hop to it
More example sentences
  • The Bureau of Land Management hopped to it, fast-tracking gas-drilling permits across the Rocky Mountain West and developing an official policy to overcome ‘impediments’ to energy development.
  • I imagined he'd be there until after I was gone, but he hopped to it and found an apartment with a terrace and everything.
  • If you haven't read ‘The Metaphysical Club,’ a brilliant work of intellectual history that is also a captivating page-turner, hop to it.

on the hop

British informal
1Unprepared: he was caught on the hop
More example sentences
  • I have to admit I was caught on the hop, completely unaware that the draw had even taken place.
  • He added: ‘We were caught on the hop by the number of people that wanted to come and express their solidarity.’
  • But we just relaxed slightly and were caught on the hop which was a great shame.
2Bustling around; busy: we were always kept on the hop
More example sentences
  • She gave us a brilliant, capricious Serse, always a King, always keeping his subjects on the hop.
  • As always, music is keeping Tommy Cowan on the hop.
  • It was my periodontist, racing the clock and on the hop, who gave me two weeks to choose between two very depressing solutions to the root problem which has me miserably swallowing antibiotics.

Phrasal verbs

hop in (or out)

informal Get into (or out of) a car: hop in then and we’ll be off


Old English hoppian, of Germanic origin; related to German dialect hopfen and German hopsen.

Words that rhyme with hop

atop, bop, chop, clop, cop, crop, dop, drop, Dunlop, estop, flop, fop, glop, intercrop, knop, kop, lop, mop, op, plop, pop, prop, screw-top, shop, slop, sop, stop, strop, swap, tiptop, top, underprop, whop

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There are 2 main definitions of hop in English:

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hop 2 Syllabification: hop


1A twining climbing plant native to north temperate regions, cultivated for the conelike flowers borne by the female plant, which are used in brewing beer.
  • Humulus lupulus, family Cannabaceae (or Cannabidaceae)
Example sentences
  • Brewed since 1900, Bohemia is named in honor of the hop growing and beer brewing region of the Czech Republic.
  • An example of this would be a manufacturer acquiring retail outlets or a hop grower beginning to brew his own beer.
  • It is registered for use on powdery mildews in pome fruit, stone fruit, citrus fruit, soft fruit, vines, cucurbits, ornamentals, tobacco, hops and some vegetables.
1.1 (hops) The dried conelike flowers of the hop plant, used in brewing to give a bitter flavor and as a mild sterilant.
Example sentences
  • Yeast ferments the sugars in the malt to alcohol while the hops provide bitter flavour and aroma.
  • Aromatic, smoky, malty notes wrap themselves around the delicate flavours of the hops and the brewing yeasts.
  • That means eliminating impure tastes in the brewing process so the flavour of the hops can emerge untainted.

verb (hops, hopping, hopped)

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1 [with object] Flavor with hops: a strong dark beer, heavily hopped
More example sentences
  • Henry VIII banned his brewer from adding hops to the royal brew, but as wine became more expensive the popularity of hopped beer grew.
2 (be hopped up) informal Be stimulated or intoxicated by or as if by a psychoactive drug.
Example sentences
  • None cared about the threat of AIDS, and all were hopped up on crystal meth - a drug the story's headline described as THE BEAST IN THE BATHHOUSE.
  • A mere decade ago, at the height of his titanic drug addiction, Earle would all too often be hopped up and smacked out in a Nashville crackhouse.
  • Supporting CTF, deathmatch, and team deathmatch, the entire multiplayer experience is hopped up on cocaine.



Example sentences
  • Another curious ad on a bus shelter: Summit Beer has a new brand called ‘Grand’ - it's a cheerful beer for the Bud crowd, the people who find hoppy beers too bitter, too harsh, too unbeery.
  • Less strong than Shephard Neame's flagship Bishop's Finger at 4.7 per cent, Spitfire is a full-bodied, rounded, clean beer with a hoppy flavour which is served at its best just below room temperature.
  • In pre-filled flagons, they had Parrot & Jigger's two Katipo Pale Ales - go for their stronger Pale Ale as it's still easy to drink and more hoppy, herbaceous and spicy in the flavour.


Late Middle English hoppe (in the sense 'ripened hop cones for flavoring malt liquor'), from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch.

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