Hungary was conquered by the Habsburgs in the 17th century and became an equal partner in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867. Following the collapse of the empire in 1918, it became an independent kingdom. After participation in World War II on the Axis side, Hungary was occupied by the former Soviet Union and became a communist state. Although a liberal reform movement was crushed by Soviet troops in 1956, the communist system was abandoned in 1989, and the first multiparty elections were held in 1990. Hungary joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004
From medieval Latin Hungaria (see also Hungarian).
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