Definition of hydrolyze in English:


Syllabification: hy·dro·lyze
Pronunciation: /ˈhīdrəˌlīz
(British hydrolyse)


[with object] Chemistry
  • 1Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.
    More example sentences
    • This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.
    • The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.
    • Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.
  • 1.1 [no object] Undergo chemical breakdown due to reaction with water.
    More example sentences
    • When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.
    • Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.
    • In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.

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