verb[with object] Chemistry
1Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.
- This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.
- The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.
- Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.
1.1 [no object] Undergo chemical breakdown due to reaction with water.
- When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.
- Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.
- In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.
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