Definition of hypoglossal nerve in English:

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hypoglossal nerve

Pronunciation: /ˌhīpəˌɡläs(ə)l ˈnərv/

noun

Anatomy
Each of the twelfth pair of cranial nerves, supplying the muscles of the tongue.
Example sentences
  • Descendens hypoglossi may be carried partly or completely by the vagus nerve instead of the hypoglossal nerve.
  • The ipsilateral hypoglossal nerve was sectioned, and that half of the muscle became silent.
  • Some fibers of the hypoglossal nerve can be traced through the reticular formation as they course towards the ventrolateral sulcus.

Origin

Mid 19th century: hypoglossal from hypo- 'under' + Greek glōssa 'tongue' + -al.

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