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immunity

Syllabification: im·mu·ni·ty
Pronunciation: /iˈmyo͞onədē
 
/

Definition of immunity in English:

noun (plural immunities)

1The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells: immunity to typhoid seems to have increased spontaneously
More example sentences
  • Women who develop immunity to the infection before pregnancy are not in danger of transmitting it to their babies.
  • Experiencing tetanus does not itself produce immunity to a second infection.
  • They also may have lower immunity to infection than older family members, plus increased viral shedding and longer duration of illness.
Synonyms
resistance to, nonsusceptibility to;
ability to fight off, protection against, defenses against;
immunization against, inoculation against
1.1Protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty: the rebels were given immunity from prosecution
More example sentences
  • Even in situations where an undertaking does not qualify for a total immunity from a fine penalties may be reduced.
  • It could be an immunity from a government action - for instance, my right to free speech bars the government from punishing me for speaking.
  • It seems to me that the stauncher first world proponents of globalisation feel a personal immunity from its vicissitudes.
Synonyms
exemption, exception, freedom, release, dispensation, amnesty
indemnity, privilege, prerogative, right, liberty, license;
legal exemption, impunity, protection
1.2 Law Officially granted exemption from legal proceedings.
Example sentences
  • There is no issue between the parties with respect to the applicable legal principles relating to the immunity granted an expert witness in legal proceedings.
  • Either a party to a tribunal or legal proceedings is granted immunity or he is not.
  • Today, he and his accomplices are beginning to lose the legal immunity they granted themselves.
1.3 (immunity to) Lack of susceptibility, especially to something unwelcome or harmful: products must have an adequate level of immunity to interference exercises designed to build an immunity to fatigue
More example sentences
  • Natural combativeness, an innate immunity to being cowed by the biggest names or the biggest occasions in football, is obviously a vital part of the equipment he carries on to the field.
  • But they also promise a partial immunity to the passage of time.
  • It appeared, however, as if she herself had acquired a unique immunity to invective and insult so long as she could lay her hands on something to stitch.

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'exemption (from a liability)'): from Latin immunitas, from immunis (see immune).

Words that rhyme with immunity

community, importunity, impunity, opportunity, unity

Definition of immunity in:

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